The planet Saturn attracts scientists to our Solar System due to several reasons. Its ring not only makes this planet different from the rest of the planets, apart from this, but there are also many features that attract astronomers to study it.
Many of these mysteries are unresolved, which scientists are trying to understand. One such mystery is the giant hexagon-shaped storm in the North Pole of Saturn. To solve this mystery in the latest study, a 3D simulation model has been created.
It is difficult to solve the mysteries of Saturn
The mysteries of Saturn are very difficult to solve because it is very difficult to directly observe, while the atmosphere of this giant gaseous planet is very different from our Earth. Most of the substances here have only hydrogen and helium in their names. Therefore, by getting complete information about it, the right scenario will be known.
In the north pole of Saturn, six vortices are forming the arms of the hexagon. This atmospheric phenomenon has surprised planetarians ever since it was discovered in the year 1980. At that time it was discovered through America's Voyager program. After this, in the year 2006, it has been learned from the Cassini Huygens campaign.
Such an incident does not happen on any other planet
This storm has spread to a diameter of 20 thousand miles, in which winds blow up to 300 miles per hour in many places. This type of storm is not on any other planet or moon. Two scientists, Professor Jeremy Bloxham Research Associate Rakesh Yadav of Harvard's Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, tried to understand this phenomenon.
In recent research published in PNAS, these researchers tried to know how these vortices are formed. Yadav said, 'We regularly see storms on the earth which are always moving around, but have never been seen in a hexagon or other polygonal shape. This is completely unexpected and shocking.
The question before the researchers was how such a huge system was created and why it has not changed so far on such a big planet. Yadav and Bloxham have created a 3D simulation model of Saturn's atmosphere. They believe it will enable them to get answers to their questions.
How did this hexagon become ?
In this study, researchers said that unnatural storms form when large and small cyclonic vortices form in the atmospheric flow inside Saturn. Around it, a fast-flowing wind flows eastwards to the North Pole. There are many storms in this air as well.
Small storms interact with large storms and push the east strong wind and limit it to the North Pole. This process turns the edge of the air into a hexagon.
Researchers did not create a hexagon with the model, but it certainly formed a polygon with nine arms, which was faster than the storm. Nevertheless, the size has justified many of the researchers' hypotheses. Now researchers need more data to improve their model.