In the year 1962, the third Lok Sabha elections were held in the country. But after a year, the by-elections in some seats were made. Jaunpur was a seat in Uttar Pradesh. The entire nation's eyes were on this because from here, Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay was in the fray as a Jana Sangh candidate.
Although Deendayal Upadhyay did not want to contest the elections, some pressure was on the top RSS leader Bhaurao Deoras and a lot of workers. Therefore, he had to contest in Jaunpur.
Since he was identified as a veteran leader, it was believed that he would win in Jaunpur. If there was a reason for his stature, then the other reason was that only one year ago, Brahmajit Singh of Jana Sangh used to live here. He died suddenly and the by-election was underway. The Jana Sangh was assuming that the party has a strong support base in Jaunpur. It will be beneficial in the by-election.
Although this election was considered as unilateral and easy, it was not that the Congress made Rajdev Singh stand for Deendayal Upadhyaya's contest. He was a strong local figure. Also close to Indira Gandhi. He was popular among the youth.
When the election campaign started, it started to appear that Rajdev of the Congress was getting stronger. Do not know why Deendayal Upadhyaya should not give the strength he should have in the elections. It seemed that he too accepted that he was going to lose this election. Finally, when the election result came, Upadhyay lost it.
There were many reasons behind Deendayal Upadhyay's defeat in the 1963 by-election. The most important among them was ethnic polarization. Congress tried its best to polarize the Rajput voters and this happened. In response, the local unit of Jana Sangh tried to woo the Brahmin voters. However, Deendayal Upadhyay himself was not in favor of such polarization.
He himself wrote in his' Political Diary ',' Jana Sangh had to face defeat in this election, it was not because there was no support of the people, rather we could not respond to all the electoral tactics of the Congress.
Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay was one of the leading thinkers of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, a former form of the Bharatiya Janata Party. He was born on 25 September 1916. In the year 2016, on the occasion of his 100th birth anniversary, the Bharatiya Janata Party organized several programs.
Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya's biggest contribution has been to provide an ideological foundation to the Jana Sangh. Which later became the ideological foundation of the BJP. Due to his ideology, his stature today is much higher than that of a politician.
Deendayal Upadhyay was born in Nagla Chandrabhan village of Mathura. He was a talented student from the school itself. He completed his schooling from Pilani. After this, first took BA degree in English literature and later an MA degree. He also did B.Ed. and M.Ed.
As a college student in 1937, he got involved with the National Self-Service Association (RSS) for the first time. The debates in RSS programs had a special effect on him. In 1942, he became a fulltime member of the Sangh. During this association, he started publishing a monthly magazine 'Rashtriya Dharma'. Its main task was to spread the concept of nationalism to the public. Later he also started a weekly magazine 'Panchjanya' and a daily newspaper 'Swadesh'.
In 1951 Deendayal Upadhyaya started the Rashtriya Jana Sangh in collaboration with Dr. Shyamaprasad Mukherjee. Pleased with Deendayal Upadhyay's thinking and his thoughts, Dr. Shyamaprasad Mukherjee once said about him, "Give me two Deendayal Upadhyay, I will completely change the face of the country."
After the death of Shyamaprasad Mukherjee in 1953, the reins of the Jana Sangh came into the hands of Deendayal Upadhyay. Under his leadership, the party touched new heights. It was Upadhyaya who took the political ideology of the Jana Sangh to grassroots activists. Later, the Bharatiya Janata Party also adopted it.
As an economist, Deendayal Upadhyay was also a Socialist. Who believed in producing more than small units. He used to criticize the Planning Commission for unemployment, public health, and failing to improve the basic structure of the country.
On the afternoon of 11 February 1968, Deendayal Upadhyay was found dead in suspicious condition at Mughalsarai station in Uttar Pradesh. His supporters alleged that he had been murdered. But till now his death remains a mystery. Recently, the Uttar Pradesh government has changed the name of Mughalsarai station to Pt Deendayal Upadhyay Junction.
Deendayal Upadhyay's political philosophy was independent of diplomacy. For this reason, he was successful in bringing the concept of Integral Humanism to the public. Actually, instead of winning the election, Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya's effort was to take his political philosophy among the people.
So that they can make their identity different and clear from other political parties. He was a proponent of building a social, economic and political structure in the country based on Indian values.
Deendayal Upadhyaya, as a true nationalist, believed that India could not progress as long as it would remain backward of individualism and socialism of the West. Even accepting modernity, he also believed that India should adopt modernity according to its tradition and ideology.