Mental illness and problems associated with it are still considered a shame in Indian society. People do not talk about it openly. Calling a mental patient 'mad', dismisses his or her illness. Especially in rural areas, this is not taken care of at all.
India is progressing rapidly, but depression (depression) disease is also spreading silently. Statistics show that depression in youth of rural India has increased due to depression due to the changing environment, modern lifestyle, immediate failure, and rising unemployment in the past decades.
According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data, a total of 1,39,123 people have committed suicide in 2019, with the number of unemployed being 14,019, an increase of 8.37 percent over 2018.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), about 2.3 million people in the country urgently need mental health care. While mental health services in the country are in bad shape. There are about 5,000 mental disease doctors for the country's over 1.25 billion population, while there are two thousand mental health clinics.
Only .06 percent of the budget is allocated for the care of mental health diseases in the country. In Bangladesh, it is about 0.44 percent of the budget. According to research by Lancet, one in every seven people is suffering from mental illness, but mental illnesses are a major obstacle in its treatment.
At the same time, the biggest problem is the acute lack of resources to treat mental diseases. According to the World Health Organization, India has the highest number of mental patients. The country's youth has the highest suicide rate. Not only this, the problem of depression in nine percent of Indians leads them to disability.
According to a study by the National Mental Health Survey-2015-16, about 7.5 percent of Indians suffer from some form of mental illness, while one in 20 Indians suffer from depression. More than 80 percent of the people suffering from mental diseases are not available in the country due to misconceptions in society about mental diseases.
In the small towns and villages of the country, many young men or women will be found who need immediate treatment. But at first, they do not get better treatment facilities around them, on the other hand, family members assume that if treated, people will call the patient 'crazy'. This will greatly affect his future, such as marriage, marriage, employment, etc.
According to the report of National Mental Health Survey - 2015-16, 15 crore Indians need to go to the doctor immediately for treatment of mental diseases. But the situation is such that there is a huge lack of professionals in the treatment of mental diseases in the country. If you see this reduction as a gap, ie the difference between treatment and patient, then it is 70 percent.
It means to say that even now only 30 percent of mental illness patients in India get treatment. As a matter of number, about three crore people in the country get proper treatment, while seven crore people are seeing their disease increasing and getting upset without treatment. According to the NCRB's 2019 report, the proportion of unemployed who commit suicide is 10.1 percent.
In the year 2019, 14,019 unemployed people committed suicide, which is 8.37 percent more than the suicide of 12,936 unemployed in 2018. The five states where unemployed have committed the most suicides include Kerala (10,963), Maharashtra (1,511), Tamil Nadu (1,368), Karnataka (1,293) and Odisha (858). It was less than eight percent from 2005 to 2014 and has been increasing steadily since then.