Recently, the Telford case in England has been very much discussed. In it, a woman went into a diabetic coma. Then his son Josh Chepman dialed the ambulance number in his toy and called the medical staff.
Due to this, the mother's life was saved, the child also began to be discussed a lot. By the way, we have been hearing the word coma continuously. In Phoenix, USA, a woman who was in a coma for about 14 years gave birth to a child. Come, know what is a coma and which organs in a coma's body work properly.
This state of long unconsciousness can be called when a person cannot even give a minimum response to anything and cannot walk. The person seems to be sleeping in it, but this sleep is such that it cannot be cured by any stimulation like electric shock or needling.
This is the result of some kind of injury to the brain. Apart from a heart attack or brain trauma, taking any kind of intoxication with alcohol can also lead a person into a coma.
Sugar patients are also at risk of going into a coma if their sugar level decreases or increases. Tumors, brain infections, and living between dangerous gases can also cause coma. By the way, more than 50 percent of coma causes deep trauma to the brain.
Earlier, medical science was not that far ahead, so as soon as he went into a coma, he would be cremated without waiting much. In 1846, a competition was organized by the Academy of Science in France, in which the physicians were asked to suggest ways so that the patient could be kept in a coma for some time and try to save his life.
In the year 1920, the theory of electric shaking was given by William Covenhoven, an American engineer. He suggested that he might come out of a coma after giving an electric shock to patients who were in a coma.
This may not have happened, but the electric shock is being used in the treatment of many diseases today. Later ventilators, dialysis, and catheters were invented, with the help of which people who had gone into a coma could be kept alive for a long time.
Patients who have gone into a coma in hospitals around the world are waiting to return to life with the help of ventilators and other machines. At the same time, Eileen Esposito of Chicago has the record of being in a coma for the longest time in the world.
Eileen went into a coma at the age of 6 due to an accident, which is 1941. In the hospital, Eileen never woke up after that and died in a coma in 1978. His name is also listed in the Guinness Book due to being in a coma for more than 37 years.
Before the 18th century, doctors had a unique approach to this. They used to call out loudly with the name of the patient. If, after taking the name several times, the patient's eyes could not open and there was no movement then he was considered in a coma.
Now Glasgow has a tool called the Coma Scale to check for coma. It investigates through three things - opening or tearing of the eyes, reacting to something, and saying something on the voice.
Scores are awarded on these three parameters. The lower the score, the more the trauma to the brain is believed to be, the less likely it is to come out of the coma.
A coma can usually range from a few weeks to years. Returning from a coma is not immediate, but gradually the patient becomes normal in many stages. Coma can also be of two types. The first is the Vegetative State, in which a person's eyes are open, but he has no awareness of himself or their surroundings.
The second is the minimally Congress state - a patient of this category sometimes gives the minimum response to something, then sometimes he is unable to give it at all. Coma still remains a mystery to the medical world and research is going on continuously.