The results of the last ten years of the IAS examination seem to be sufficient for the conclusion that the percentage of non-English languages in India's highest government service is continuously falling.
If this ratio is 95:5, then it cannot be called linguistic democracy, in any sense, of civil service. There are quite concrete and authentic reasons why this is happening. Here I would like to say something about one of these very important reasons 'compulsory English' question paper.
In terms of language, this is the only paper that every student has to take. The second compulsory paper of the language is not a normal Hindi but it includes all other constitutional languages of the country along with it. That is, Hindi is not mandatory in the same way that English is compulsory.
First of all, why is English compulsory? Generally, the supporters of the English language emphasize the need for English to be the contact language of the country. They may be true to some extent. But should his view be justified to the extent where all other qualifications of youth are canceled in front of this small qualification of knowledge of the English language?
This is happening Statistics show that where the percentage of Hindi speaking students in the main examination was close to 8 in 2018, it is hardly 3-4 percent by the time they reach the final result. Otherwise, it should have stayed around 8 as a result. So why did this happen.
It can be inferred that the main reason for this would not be qualifying the compulsory English paper of these Hindi speakers. I can say this with a claim based on a personal survey.
In All India Services, when a youth is given a state as a cadre, he is taught the language of that state. For example, if a student from Bihar gets Tamil Nadu cadre, then he / she has to learn Tamil. If English seems to be equally important, then after the final selection, that youth can also be taught English. So the imperative of English paper should be abolished in this way.
The second important thing is the level of English questions in the exam. The Commission directs that its level will be of matriculation, whereas the English language which is used in English paper is not normal English. Yes, its pattern is definitely like normal English. Here too, it seems that such a question paper is probably designed for this special purpose so that those who have good English can qualify that paper.
On a personal level my experience in this has been very bitter and tragic. While talking to non-Hindi speaking youth, I have found him to be extremely terrorized and apprehensive about this general English question paper.
Whereas in other papers, their status is not reduced in any sense compared to any good student. Therefore, I think that to make the civil service linguistically inclusive, it is very important that the compulsory English question paper be abolished.