Impact of New Presidency in the U.S.A and the world .
By Nitish Verma
United States of America’s Presidential election is certainly one of the most celebrated elections all around the world. Every nation has its eyes on it.
The President and Vice President of United States of America are not elected directly by the people of U.S. . Instead, they are chosen by “electors” through a process called the “ Electoral College.” Out of the 538 electoral votes ( From 50 states and the District of Columbia) to win the candidate is required to secure 270 electoral votes.
For the 46th President of America, Joe Bidden won 306 votes to Trump’s 232 votes.
Joe Bidden, a member of the Democratic Party. He has served as the 47th Vice President from 2009 to 2017 under Barak Obama’s tenure. At the
age of 78, he is the oldest person to take over the charge of the American President.
Bidden’s Political Position and expected changes that we can see in America’s administration :
He has always been considered as a moderate Democrat and a centrist. Being a Vice - President during Obama’s administration he proposed an increase in infrastructure spending, subsidies for mass transit, and reduced military spending in 2014’s budget. It is quite evident that he is against military interventions. He opposed U.S intervention in Libya and stood against U.S participation in the Gulf War.
As of now due to COVID- 19, he has proposed plans to deliver immediate relief to working families and create millions of good-paying jobs, and build back a better economy that works for everyone. He is also keen to build on the Affordable Care Act so that Americans get more choices and the expensive costs of health care get reduced. He also aims to expand the health insurance coverage to 97% of Americans.
Biden’s stand towards global warming is quite opposite of Trump. Aiming eventually for a
carbon free power sector by 2035. He also aims to reenter the Paris Climate Agreement, nature conservation, and clean building from which Trump opted out and faced criticism all around the world. He also wants to pressurise China to reduce its carbon- emission. He has also said that he is keen to restore U.S. membership in key
UNITED NATION bodies, such as the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNESCO), the Human Rights Council and the World Health Organization ( W.H.O) from which Donald Trump opted out due to their incapacitated approach during COVID 19 .
Biden has also supported reproductive rights and same-sex marriage.
From all these policies we can certainly figure is out that America will be a more liberal and considerate Nation towards its countrymen and for the people of the world.
Joe Biden also quoted “ I am running as a proud Democrat, but I will govern as an American president. I will work with Democrats and Republicans and I will work as hard for those who don’t support me as for those who do. That’s the job of a president. It is a duty of care for everyone.”
Kamala Devi Harris
Also a Democrat, who has been elected as the 49th Vice President of the United States. She has distinctions of her own being the first female Vice- President of the U.S. also the highest-ranked female official in the history of United States. She is also the first African American and first Asian American Vice President of U.S.
Being born in Oakland, California to parents who emigrated from India and Jamaica. She has spent a lifetime of Public service, having been elected District Attorney of San Francisco, California Attorney General, and the United States Senator.
Being a lawyer throughout her career, she has been guided by the words she spoke the first time she stood up in court:
“Kamala Harris, for the people.”
And being a senator, she has always advocated fo reforms in health sector, also worked for the federal de-scheduling of cannabis, for the citizenship of undocumented immigrants, banning assault weapons, and mitigated for progressive tax reform. In her first speech, probably in 2017, she spoke on behalf of immigrants and refugees who were then under attack.
We can figure it out from being a social worker and standing up for the rights of refugees, there will be a representation of Asian Americans in U.S. administration now.
“My mother would look at me and she would say, ‘Kamala, you may be the first to do many things, but make sure you are not the last.’” - KAMALA HARRIS
HOW JOE BIDDEN’S PRESIDENCY CAN CHANGE INDIA-US RELATIONS
After coming into power Joe Bidden has ensured his citizens that he will restore the United States “ respected leadership at the world stage
“ and work together with the representatives of the democracies of the world.
Kamala Harris is the first Indian American Vice President and the expectations are soaring high that she has the potential to change Indian engagement with American Politics, as well as United States’ response to issues in India.
BIDEN'S INDIA POLICY :
Joe Biden and Kamala Harris , both have already spoken out against India’s human rights violations and the nationalist leadership of Prime Minister Modi . Biden have also condemned the citizenship act and the national register of citizen by stating that it is “inconsistent with the country like India which has a long tradition of secularism and with a multi-ethnic and multi-religious democracy.”
He also quoted in an op-ed in an Indian-American newspaper that “The United States of America and India are going to stand with each other against terrorism of all forms and will also work together for propagating peace and stability in the region where neither China nor any other country threatens its neighbours,”
Biden and Kamala both have advocated for the Human Rights concern in Kashmir.
Biden is concerned to restore rights for all the people of Kashmir. He has also quoted in some magazine that “ The restrictions on dissent, such as preventing peaceful protests or shutting or slowing the Internet may weaken the democracy .“
Harris once said in 2019 that “ We have to remind Kashmiris that they are not alone in the world,”
It is clear from their statement that they want the Kashmir Issue to be solved and to achieve peace in Kashmir and to put an end to seven decades of instability, the U.S. government will have to play an active role through talks to both the countries and creating a consensus among them.
ROLE OF U.S. in INDIA-CHINA relationship.
The U.S. clearly understands that to control China they need to strengthen their immediate neighbour India. Under Donald Trump , India has signed three agreement for closer military cooperation with the U.S.
During 2020 , tensions between India and China were high due to clashes at the bordering areas and death of soldiers. During the same time as consensus in the United States was hardening against China. Here, both Biden and Trump shared a
hostile view of China. Biden certainly does not want to leave India high and dry for reducing the military cooperation between both of them. So we can expect better military cooperation between Indo-U.S.
ROLE OF KAMALA HARRIS -
A lot of excitement could be seen among the Indian Americans. Indian Diaspora in the US is the third-largest immigrant group, their attention towards politics has already been seen during the election cycle.
A lot of people or groups will be reaching or expecting Harris that she should be speaking out or take a stand on certain Indian issues because she knows that part of the world and it is a part of her identity. However, that push already began In October where Indian Americans launched a campaign urging Harris to take action on the brutal rape case of a 19-year-old Dalit girl in Uttar Pradesh.
IMMIGRATION AND H-1B VISAS
Last year, President Trump suspended H-1B visas through the end of the year which allows specialized foreign workers with technical skills to enter the U.S. and work for American firms. Out of about 85,000 H-1B visas issued each year almost 75% of all H-1B visa holders are from India.
However, Biden has promised to lift Trump’s freeze and go on further to reform the temporary visa system and eliminating country quotas on green cards. But for now, during the time of pandemic and economic recovery Biden’s priority would surely be to inherit the job losses that happened in the U.S. during Covid 19.
I believe as the world’s oldest and largest democracies, the United States and India are bound together by shared democratic values of fair and free elections, equality under the law, and freedom of expression and religion. The ties are therefore bound to be strengthened in the future.