A lot of concern has been raised about Debris growing in space. It has been said that due to this waste, one day our satellites (satellite) will go into space and there will be a possibility of satellites there colliding with any waste. To avoid one such apprehension, the International Space Station (ISS) astronauts had to do a special operation.
The Astronauts of the ISS recently conducted an Avoidance Manoeuvre. US Space Agency NASA said that on Tuesday, ISS passengers made sure that the ISS did not hit any piece of garbage.
With this, NASA requested that the objects in the Earth's orbit need better management. Flight controllers of Russia and America worked together in this exercise. The entire operation was only two and a half minutes in which the station was a little far from orbit so that collision could not occur.
NASA says that this waste originated from the ISS about 1.4 kilometers away. After the entire operation, all three crew members, including two Russian and one American, returned to the safe station.
These three members had to go to the nearby Suyoj spacecraft so that they could move if needed. NASA
said that the entire operation was done with utmost care. At the same time, NASA chief Jim Bridgestone said in his tweet,
"Maneuver burn is complete. The Astronauts are back safely "
The piece of waste that was proving to be a threat was a piece of the Japanese rocket of 2018, astronomer Jonathan McDowell said on Twitter. The rocket broke into 77 separate pieces last year.
The ISS covers 420 kilometers in a round of the Earth at a speed of 760 meters per second. If a small object hits the station at this speed, it can damage its solar panel and other things.
It is not that this kind of exercise is being done for the first time, but NASA says that till 1999 year 2018, 25 such operations have been done. At the same time, Bridgestone has told on Twitter that this year this is the third such operation. He further said that waste is growing very dangerously. It is time that Congress provided $ 15 million for office space.
Office Space Commerce is a civic organization that wants to take over the task of monitoring space waste. At present, this work is in the hands of the army. At the same time, the number of such operations can be increased recently, in the last 60 years, the number of pieces of satellite, rocket and other materials has been increasing in the earth's orbit.
Space travel or space exploration is the discovery of the universe and its exploration using the techniques of space. Space is physically explored by human space flights and robotic spacecraft. In the last 70 years, many space exploration took place so that research could be done in areas like astronomy, astrophysics, planetary science and geology, atmospheric science and theoretical physics.
Debris refers to something that has been destroyed or broken. When it comes to space debris, it refers to natural debris found in the solar system's celestial bodies such as asteroids, comets, and meteorites (a small rocky or metallic body in outer space).
According to the United States Space Surveillance Network, 23,000 larger than 10 centimeters (or the equivalent of four inches) are scattered in space, 500,000 larger than one centimeter and 100,00,000 space debris larger than one millimeter.
In fact, more than 1800 man-made satellites are orbiting our Earth. After finishing their work, not all of them are coming back to earth. Even after losing contact with the space stations on Earth, they will be orbiting the Earth and will continue to collide with each other and split into small pieces.
In today's context, the debris of space also contains fragmented and old satellites and rocket remains as these remains also rotate in the Earth's orbit due to the force of gravity and collide with each other and produce debris. Huh. Their number is increasing day by day in space.
Space debris includes not only fragments of asteroids, comets, and meteorites but also fragments of older satellites, rocket fuel, paint flakes, frozen liquid refrigerants.
In other words, these are man-made debris that is circling the Earth in space and which are no longer useful.
The debris in space has a very high kinetic energy and speeds up to about 8 km per second, which can cause massive damage to satellites, and large pieces of several centimeters can shake the entire space station or shuttlecraft. Most of the debris is found in a geological orbit above the equator.