During World War II and Cold War, there were reports of various types of biological warfare such as smallpox, anthrax, etc., which had only a limited number of countries. These diseases are spread by the virus.
The coronavirus that has spread worldwide from Wuhan, China, is yet to be confirmed that it has been prepared in the laboratory.
But ahead of the coronavirus, the countries of America, France, Britain and England, which are called the developed and superpowers of the world, are finding themselves helpless. In such a situation, the world is forced to think about how devastation can happen if biological warfare breaks out. This is the right time to examine protocols and treaties related to biological weapons.
A protocol about biological and chemical warfare was passed in Geneva in 1925, initially supported by 25 countries of the world. That protocol provided that no country would use biological weapons against another country, and there was no provision in that proposal to stop the storage and manufacture of substances used in biological warfare.
Due to these shortcomings, in the Second World War, Hitler killed his enemies by using chemical weapons in many places. The United Nations, founded after the Second World War, created an institutional framework to carry out its responsibilities, including its constitution and many institutions, through which the welfare of humanity, the elimination of terrorism and the disputes between two countries There are provisions for reconciliation.
If a country does not agree to its provisions, then the United Nations also has measures to take appropriate action against it. The United Nations established the d Bank, International Monetary Fund, United Nations Education and Economic Council, International Courts,etc. to establish its influence in the world. But as of now there is no provision in the United Nations to stop biological and chemical warfare.
Considering the inaction and ineffectiveness of the protocol for the 1925 biological and chemical warfare, discussions began in England on 10 April 1972 as to how provisions should be made to save the world from this war. It was decided that no country in the world would make or store such substances and bacteria in itself.
The treaty, which came into existence in 1975, is known as the Biological and Toxic Weapons Treaty, by which 185 countries had joined by 2019. But even in this treaty, there is no concrete provision against any country adopting such war, so that no country can dare to impose such war. There is also no restriction or punishment against the country concerned if found guilty.
Now the time has come, when India should take action in the same way as the world formed a group of non-aligned countries after the world was divided into two parts during the Cold War. The exact cause of the corona virus spreading from Wuhan is not known yet. But because of the way the epidemic spread in the world, it can be easily imagined that what would happen if biological warfare broke out.
The world has an opportunity to avoid this and to make stringent provisions in the 1975 Biological and Toxic Weapons Treaty. It is reviewed every five years and the next opportunity is due in January 2021. Presently the agreement is headed by Sri Lanka and according to the provisions of the agreement, its member countries are currently preparing the agenda for it.
In view of this, India and other countries should present such provisions in it, by which they can be investigated inside the country concerned if they are suspected of making such substances and if found guilty, boycotted the economic and social boycott of that country.
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