Locust parties that have entered the country through Pakistan have created a furore from the border states of Rajasthan, Punjab and Gujarat to Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh for a long time. The standing crops of thousands of farmers are the target of these locusts.
This locust party from across the border makes the area deserted wherever it goes. Crops crop up. Everything that looks green in front of it is completely chopped or ruined. That is why the farmers settled in border villages are distressed due to their presence, the administration is upset. By the way every possible effort is being made to overcome them, but till now it has not been completely controlled.
Locust groups first invaded Rajasthan's border districts of Barmer, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Bikaner, but now spreading to Jaipur, Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Sirohi, the former districts of Bundi, Kota are creating havoc in Madhya Pradesh. Pesticides have been sprayed by the administration with the help of villagers to destroy them, but grasshoppers have caused extensive damage to crops in many villages. Farmers affected by the locust are trying to run away from traditional methods by playing pots or making noise to save crops at their level.
Agriculture officers and administrative officials have also turned to the fields, but the problem remains huge. More and more locusts are being killed in the country than Pakistan. Due to the strong wind, these grasshopper parties are not being controlled. Due to the strong wind at the time of spray, most locusts fly in the air forming many flocks, due to which the effect of spraying is not getting as much as it should.
By the time these are controlled, thousands of acres of crops are taken. Due to the number of crores, it is not so easy to wipe them out. According to the Agriculture Department, about 45 million hectares of medicine has been sprayed to kill locusts. But the problem is that new herds are constantly coming from across the border.
The locust originates from the eastern countries of Africa and Saudi Arabia on both sides of the Red Sea. Subsequently, large locust flocks developed in Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman and Iran. Especially from Iran, continuous locusts came towards India via Pakistan's Baluchistan.
In fact, last November, the Thar Desert and western Rajasthan received good rainfall due to the effects of western disturbance, which provided favorable conditions for breeding locusts that arrived here from West Asia. Locusts usually end in November, but this time the rain in November struck the hearts of these uninvited guests and May 2020 has arrived, but they are here.
Rising temperatures also contribute to increasing the locust population, but they are also changing with the change in climate. When the locusts were attacked in the year 1993, they had ended in the cold October. But this time their attack has emerged as dangerous in the cold. The great thing is that agricultural scientists had again predicted the attack of locusts in April-May. The biggest threat to India is from locusts coming through Pakistan. Breeding is still in abundance there and its measures to prevent locusts do not appear serious.
This has increased anxiety. A new generation will be ready to attack in the coming days. At the moment it has become a major problem of many countries. The disaster has caused widespread concern in the international community. At the same time, experts say that international cooperation should be strengthened in the face of locust threat.
Clearly, this disaster is not just a problem of the affected areas, but a global problem. Realizing the seriousness of this disaster, it is also important to strengthen international cooperation in this regard. India should try to eradicate locust only in countries with global cooperation, as it is not easy to control once it enters the country.