Coronavirus has become a major enemy fear. It has destabilized and confused normal life around the world. In view of this, it is natural to recall Gandhi's statement that 'more people die of anxiety due to natural causes.' The first experience of the political misuse of the epidemic is that Gandhi, along with his family after the plague in India in 1896, marred South Africa's maritime Did during the trip.
When the passenger ship SS Courland arrived at the Durban port on 18 December 1896, it was stationed in Quarantine with another passenger ship SS Naaderi on the grounds that the ship from where it was going, was from the Bombay city plague suffer well. But its real purpose was to harass Gandhiji by racists.
In an interview to the local newspaper 'Natal Advertiser' on the ship itself, Gandhi questioned immigrant rights, questioning the broad relationship of the British Empire and its colonies, and condemned Western civilization based on the power that gave rise to such abuse.
All Indian passengers, including Gandhi, had to remain on the ship for 27 days and when allowed to land on 13 January, Gandhiji faced the mistreatment of a violent mob gathered at the port.
In numerous papers and resolutions in the entire Gandhi controversy, Volume 3, Gandhi repeatedly mentions and opposes discrimination from migrants in the name of bubonic plague by local bodies in Natal and Durban. In March-April 1904 a sudden plague broke out in the porter township of Johannesburg, South Africa. The news was conveyed to Gandhiji that if you come here soon, the whole settlement is in crisis. Gandhi's dedication and service with which he worked greatly increased his influence among poor Indians.
Years after the plague, Gandhiji identifies the physical and exploitative elements of modern civilization in 'Hind Swaraj'. He believed that India would have to reject the urbanization and industrialism of 'modern civilization'. According to him, this civilization was born in the West, but it was increasing its economic and cultural dependence by increasing infiltration into India. Gandhi's next encounter with the epidemic occurred soon after his return to India from South Africa.
He emphasizes hygiene for the prevention of plague and its infection spread in Western India in 1917 and discusses the reasons for Indians' failure to prevent them by citing deaths from cholera, malaria and plague. Gandhiji had also described plague spread in these places as a basis for giving relief to the farmers of Kheda and the workers of Ahmedabad. He established his first Satyagraha Ashram in Ahmedabad, Gujarat on May 1915 at a place called Kochrab, but in 1917, there was an outbreak of plague in Kochrab.
In the autobiography, Gandhi writes that even after following the rules of cleanliness very carefully, it was impossible to save the Kochrab Ashram from the surrounding uncleanliness. Therefore, the children of the ashram could not be considered safe in that plague-affected colony. In this situation, the Satyagraha Ashram was shifted to a secluded place near the banks of the Sabarmati River. In 1918, Mahatma Gandhi fell very ill. He then died dying of a disease of chronic disease, which he repeatedly mentions in his autobiography and in his letters included in the entire Gandhi volume, volume 17.
Contrary to popular belief, he was not caught by the Spanish flu epidemic that caused more devastation than World War then. Yes, his family was definitely impressed by him. Gandhi's elder son Harilal's wife Gulab and his elder son Shanti died of Spanish flu. After the death of daughter-in-law and grandson, Kasturba came to the ashram with her three other grandchildren and raised them there.
For Gandhi, the village was the basic unit of social organization. He, therefore, called for the need to make villages self-sufficient in matters of their vital needs. Today the whole world is struggling for basic goods and essential medical technology. Europe is suffering from this epidemic, but also dependent on the US and China for medical devices.
This crisis has given us a very important lesson that every country must first have the basic facilities necessary for its survival. Perhaps then Mahatma Gandhi had said, 'There is enough in the world for everyone's needs, but not enough for the greed of anyone.'
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